Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a non-polio enterovirus which causes respiratory illness. Infections with non-polio enteroviruses are common in the United States and many times cause no symptoms or mild symptoms. Sometimes, more severe illness can occur. Most enterovirus infections in the US are seen in the summer and fall. EV-D68 occurs less often in the US than other enteroviruses.
Most people will have common cold symptoms, such as a runny nose, cough, sneezing and a low grade fever. Some may develop a more severe cough, rash or wheezing. People (especially children) with underlying respiratory conditions, such as asthma, are at a higher risk for problems that could require hospitalization. Keeping asthma under control is an important step in helping to prevent severe disease.
Transmission is not fully understood. EV-D68 causes respiratory illness and the virus is found in respiratory secretions including saliva, nasal mucus, and sputum. The virus is also found in stool. The virus is likely spread when an infected person sneezes, coughs, or touches surfaces.
There is no treatment for EV-D68 and there are no antiviral medications available to treat EV-D68 infection. Many infections are mild and only require treatment of the symptoms. Some people with severe respiratory illness will require hospitalization..
There is no vaccine for preventing EV-D68. The following steps will help protect yourself and others against respiratory illnesses:
New York State Department of Health: http://www.health.ny.gov/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/non-polio-enterovirus/